27 9 / 2014
There are some things that changed after the WWI, and that’s when the Roaring Twenties began. These aspects where the ones that stood out in terms of changing.
The ‘New Woman’
- Women in the 20’s started to free themselves. They were called ‘flapper’, which refers to young women with short skirts and bobbed hair, who smoked, drank, said ‘unladylike’ things, and started to be more sexually ‘free’. They started to gain more rights like voting and being able to get white-collar jobs. As well, technology helped them in this women revolution; since they were different devices like the washing machines, vacuums, and diaphragms that helped them to become freer.
The Birth of Mass Culture
- During this time, people had more money to spend. They bought all sorts of things, but they especially spent their money in radios, cars, movie theaters, and technology. With the Jazz age, young people heard it in the radios they bought. They first started with one radio station and three years later there were more than 500 stations. Another stand out from the time was the trend of having an automobile; they bought the Ford Model T because its price was very accessible. Economy rose in America with these investments.
The Jazz Age
- Jazz, coming from Chicago, slipped into different cities though out America. Radio stations and young people enjoyed Jazz. Old people saw it as vulgar and deprave music. The Charleston was the famous dance from those times; and people enjoyed their freedom on the dance floor.
- In 1919, the sale of liquor and intoxicating substances were banned by the Federal Volstead. It was illegal to sell products that contained more than 0.5% of liquor. A character who stood out in the ‘Prohibition Era’ was Alfonse Gabriel Capone, mostly known as Al Capone or Scarface. He started to illegally sell liquor and having another mafias business. This Italian gangster was caught and sent to Alcatraz Prison in 1931. He made a fortune by doing his illegal business; and people bought liquor to represent the dislike for the modern city.
The Cultural Civil War
- African Americans migrated to the U.S and social tension began. Discrimination increased and a ‘Cultural Civil War’ began. People that weren’t originally from America were discriminated. The Harlem Renaissance happened in during the 1920s; it was a movement that brought jazz, blues, books, and black culture into the society. As well, the Ku Klux Klan – an anti-immigrant, nativist group - began. This created hysteria for the foreign people because there were fights against different races.
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04 9 / 2014
The Red Army (Krasnaya Armiya) was the name for the Military Forces in Russia. It served from 1918 to 1946. The word ‘red’ symbolized the blood shed in the fights. The Red Army was found right after the Russian Revolution ended, in 1917, and the Bolsheviks came to power. It was officially founded in February 23, 1918. This was when the Soviet Republic announced the first victory if the Red Army against the Germans. Weeks later the Bolsheviks signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany to get peace; which never came since after that Russia sank into the Civil War. Some historians say that the victory for the Red Army never happened. Anyhow, Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus celebrate the February 23.
Lenin was the leader of The Bolsheviks. When he entered the Government Party, he promised Russia peace. They wanted to destroy the capitalist system and introduce communism, and so they did. All they wished was to seize their power and create disorder in Russia, so the Revolution would start a new phase. Anyhow, they promised the Russians a good life; they offered jobs, services, and most importantly peace.
The Winter Palace during the Russian Revolution. Picture taken in January 1917.